The two main residential plumbing systems are the water supply system and the drainage system. These systems work together to provide a reliable source of clean water for household needs and to safely dispose of waste water and sewage.
Water supply system: The water supply system is responsible for bringing clean, potable water into the house from the main water supply line. It includes pipes, valves, and other fixtures that help distribute the water to different areas of the house for various purposes, such as cooking, cleaning, and showering. The water supply system typically consists of a main water line, which brings water into the house from the street, and smaller branch lines, which distribute the water to different areas of the house. In addition, the water supply system may include filters, water heaters, and other appliances to treat and regulate the flow of water.
Drainage system: The drainage system is responsible for carrying waste water and sewage out of the house. It includes pipes, drains, and other fixtures that collect and transport waste water from various sources, such as sinks, toilets, and showers, to the main sewer line. The drainage system is typically connected to the house’s main sewer line, which carries the waste water and sewage to a treatment facility or septic tank. The drainage system also includes vents, which help to prevent blockages and improve the overall flow of waste water.
Both the water supply and drainage systems are essential for the functioning of a house and its plumbing system. Proper maintenance and upkeep of these systems can help prevent costly repairs and ensure that the house has a reliable source of clean water and a safe and efficient way to dispose of waste water and sewage. This may include regular inspections, repairs, and replacements of pipes, valves, and other components as needed to keep the systems functioning properly.
In addition to these two main residential plumbing systems, a house may also have specialty plumbing systems, such as a sprinkler system for watering the lawn or a greywater system for recycling and reusing household water. These systems can help conserve water and reduce the overall demand on the main water supply.